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Other current and historical names
Location and coordinates are for the approximate centre of Thurso within this administrative area. Geographic features and populated places may cross administrative borders.
Gazetteer of the British Isles (Edinburgh: Bartholomew, 1887). John Bartholomew
Thurso.-- seaport, police burgh, and par., Caithness, on Thurso Bay, at the mouth of river Thurso, 20¾ miles NW. of Wick by rail and 25 SW. of Stromness by sea - par., 28,049 ac., pop. 6217; burgh, pop. 4026; P.O., T.O., 5 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day, Friday. Thurso has a small harbour, which is obstructed by a bar at the mouth of the river, but there is a good pier and roadstead at Scrabster. Grain and flagstones for paving are exported. The fisheries in Dunnet Bay are productive. Thurso (from the Norse Thorsa - i.e. Thor's river) is an ancient place, and was a great centre of trade between Scotland and the Scandinavian countries. It was made a burgh of barony in 1633, and for nearly 2 centuries afterwards was practically the county town of Caithness. Thurso Castle is the seat of the Sinclairs of Thurso.