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Location and coordinates are for the approximate centre of Langholm within this administrative area. Geographic features and populated places may cross administrative borders.
Gazetteer of the British Isles (Edinburgh: Bartholomew, 1887). John Bartholomew
Langholm, town and par., E. Dumfriesshire - par., 16,971 ac., pop. 4612; town, on river Esk, 14 miles NW. of Carlisle, and 312 NW. of London by rail, pop. 4209; P.O., T.O., 2 Banks, 2 newspapers. Market-day, Wednesday. The town consists of 2 parts - Old Langholm (made a burgh of barony 1643), on E. bank of river Esk, at the influx of Ewes Water, pop. 2179; and New Iangholm, on W. bank of river Esk, at the influx of Wauchope Water, pop. 2030. The new and the old towns are connected by a stone bridge and an iron suspension foot bridge. Langholm is known for its sheep fairs and its woollen manufactures. The inhabitants find employment in the mills (where the mfr. of Scotch tweeds is carried on), 2 tanworks, and a distillery. Langholm is the headquarters of the Esk and Liddel Fisheries Association, and excellent fishing is had in the Esk. In the vicinity are Langholm Castle, a ruined peel-house, which belonged to the Armstrongs, and Langholm Lodge, a seat of the Duke of Buccleuch.